How to Resurface a Pool: A Step-by-Step Guide

To resurface a pool, you need to drain it, prepare the surface, apply a bonding agent, and add a new layer. Resurfacing a pool involves draining the existing water, prepping the surface, applying a bonding agent, and adding a new layer of plaster, paint, or tiles.

This process can restore your pool’s appearance and make it last for years to come. There are many reasons why you would consider resurfacing your pool. Old, damaged, or stained surfaces can be unsightly and even dangerous if they cause injuries.

Resurfacing can also help improve the overall functionality of your pool by addressing any leaks or structural issues. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide to help you resurface your pool and keep it in its best condition.

How to Resurface a Pool: A Step-by-Step Guide


Assessing The Condition Of Your Pool

Examining The Current Condition Of Your Pool Surface

To resurface your pool, you need to take a close look at your pool’s current surface condition. Here are the key things to check:

  • Check for any cracks or fissures on the pool surface.
  • Examine the current texture of the surface, whether it is rough or smooth.
  • Inspect the pool’s walls, steps, and floor for any signs of wear and tear.
  • Check the depth of the pool, as deeper pools might require extra materials.

Analyzing The Type And Extent Of Damage

Another important aspect to consider is the type and extent of damage caused to your pool. This step is to better understand the scope of work required to resurface your pool. Here are the key elements to check:

  • Analyze whether your pool is made from fiberglass, concrete, or vinyl and inspect the material for any damages.
  • Identify the location and scale of the damage, such as top-coat chalking or pitting.
  • Check the age of the pool and whether it has been resurfaced before.

Determining The Scope Of Work Required

Once you’ve examined your pool’s condition and the extent of damage, it’s time to determine the scope of work required. This will help you decide whether you can do it yourself or need to hire a professional. Here are the key things to consider:

  • Decide on the type of resurfacing materials required based on pool type and damage.
  • Figure out the quantity of materials required relative to the size and depth of the pool.
  • Make a decision about whether to hire a professional based on the extent of work needed and their experience.

Gathering The Necessary Materials And Tools

Resurfacing your pool is the perfect way to give your backyard a facelift. However, before diving into the project, it is essential to gather all the necessary materials and tools to ensure a successful outcome. Below are the three key points to note when gathering materials.

Preparing The Required Pool Resurfacing Materials

To resurface your pool, you will need materials such as pool resurfacing mix, surface cleaner, epoxy filler, and paint. Some other materials include:

  • Acid wash
  • Concrete patch
  • Plaster or pebble tec
  • White cement
  • Tile adhesive
  • Grout
  • Test strips for water testing

Identifying The Recommended Pool Resurfacing Tools

Consequently, to carry out the project, you need adequate tools. Gathering the essential pool resurfacing tools before commencing the project will ensure that the job is complete in the shortest time possible with fewer hiccups.

  • Power drill
  • Screwdriver
  • Pool pump and filtration system
  • Sandpaper
  • Scraper
  • Trowel
  • Pool brush
  • Wire brush
  • Garden hose

Evaluating The Budget For The Project

Another essential point to consider is budgeting for the project. Budget evaluation will ensure that you anticipate any future costs that might arise. Some of the variables that may increase the project’s cost are location, pool size, pool damage, surface type, among others.

  • Be sure to have a breakdown of labor and material costs.
  • Have an accurate assessment of the pool size and damage magnitude.
  • Allocate extra funds and be flexible to accommodate any unexpected costs.

Gathering the necessary materials and tools for pool resurfacing requires careful planning and budgeting. All the necessary materials and tools must be readily available to avoid any issues that might arise.


Preparing Your Pool For The Resurfacing

Draining The Pool Of Water

Before resurfacing your pool, it is crucial to first drain all the water. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Make sure to turn off all the pool equipment before draining the water.
  • Determine where to pump the water and make sure to comply with local regulations.
  • If your pool has a vinyl liner, be careful not to tear or damage it during the draining process.

Cleaning And Removing Debris From The Pool Surface

After the pool has been drained, the next step is to clean and remove any debris or foreign materials from the pool surface. Here are some important points to consider:

  • Remove any large debris such as leaves, twigs, or rocks.
  • Scrub the entire surface of the pool with a pool brush to loosen and remove any dirt or grime.
  • Use a power washer to remove any tough stains or buildup on the pool surface.

Removing Old Pool Plaster And Preparing The Surface

Once the pool is thoroughly cleaned, it’s time to remove the old pool plaster and prepare the surface for the new plaster. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Use a chisel and hammer to remove any loose or damaged plaster.
  • Use a diamond blade grinder to remove any remaining plaster and smooth out the surface.
  • Clean the surface with a wire brush and rinse it with water to remove any dust or debris.

Inspecting And Repairing Plumbing And Equipment

Before applying the new plaster, it’s important to inspect and repair any plumbing or equipment that may be damaged or malfunctioning. Here are some important points to consider:

  • Thoroughly inspect all plumbing and equipment including pumps, filters, and heaters.
  • Replace any damaged or outdated parts or repair any leaks.
  • Make sure all electrical connections are properly grounded and sealed.

By following these steps to prepare your pool for resurfacing, you can ensure that the new plaster will adhere properly and result in a beautiful and long-lasting finish.

Applying The Bonding Agent And Pool Resurfacing Material

Applying The Pre-Mixed Bonding Agent To The Pool Surface

Before applying the pool resurfacing material, it is imperative to ensure that the pool surface is covered in a pre-mixed bonding agent. This agent will ensure that the pool resurfacing material adheres to the wall of the pool, providing a strong and durable bond.

Here are the key points you should keep in mind while applying the bonding agent:

  • Thoroughly clean the pool surface with a pressure washer.
  • Allow the pool surface to dry completely before applying the bonding agent.
  • Mix the pre-mixed bonding agent according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Use a roller or sprayer to apply the bonding agent evenly to the pool surface.
  • Allow the bonding agent to dry for at least 24 hours before applying the pool resurfacing material.

Preparing And Applying The Pool Resurfacing Material

Once you have applied the pre-mixed bonding agent and allowed it to dry, it is time to prepare and apply the pool resurfacing material. This process involves the following steps:

  • Mix the pool resurfacing material according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Apply the pool resurfacing material to the pool surface using a trowel.
  • Work in small sections, moving from the top of the pool wall to the bottom.
  • Use a pool float to smooth out the resurfacing material and remove any air pockets.
  • Allow the pool resurfacing material to dry for at least 24 hours before moving on to the next step.

Applying The Finishing Touches To The Pool Surface

The final step in resurfacing your pool is to apply the finishing touches to the pool surface. This includes:

  • Sanding the pool surface to create a smooth finish.
  • Applying a pool sealer to protect the surface from UV rays and chemicals.
  • Painting or tiling the pool surface to add a decorative touch.

Remember, a well-resurfaced pool can add significant value to your property, so taking care to follow the necessary steps is essential.

Frequently Asked Questions For How To Resurface A Pool

What Is Pool Resurfacing, And When Do I Need It?

Pool resurfacing is the process of applying a new, durable finish to your pool’s surface. You may need it when your current surface is chipped, stained, and has cracks or leaks.

How Long Does It Take To Resurface A Pool?

The time it takes to resurface a pool depends on many factors, including pool size, damage, and material used. A typical concrete pool may take 1-2 weeks, while a fiberglass pool may take only 3-5 days.

What Materials Can Be Used To Resurface My Pool?

Various materials can be used to resurface a pool, depending on the type of pool and your budget. The most common are plaster, quartz aggregate, and pebble finish. Each has its unique properties and advantages.

Can I Resurface My Pool By Myself?

It’s not recommended to resurface a pool yourself unless you’re a professional. The process is complicated, requires specific tools and materials, and is potentially dangerous. It’s best to leave it to experts.

How Long Does A Resurfaced Pool Last?

A resurfaced pool can last anywhere from 10-20 years, depending on the material used, maintenance routine, and frequency of use. It’s essential to care for your resurfaced pool properly to ensure longevity.

How Much Does It Cost To Resurface A Pool?

The cost of resurfacing a pool depends on various factors, including pool size, material used, labor costs, and additional repairs required. On average, pool resurfacing cost is between $5,000 to $10,000.


After considering all the factors involved, resurfacing a pool can be a daunting task, but the end result can be a stunning transformation. When planning for the job, make sure to take into account your budget, timeline, and the materials that will be required.

Careful preparation will help minimize the amount of time and money you’ll need to spend on the project, as well as ensure its success. Remember to factor in the average lifespan of a resurfaced pool and the maintenance involved to keep it looking like new.

Whether you’re a homeowner looking to update your backyard oasis or a business owner looking to attract customers with an impressive pool area, resurfacing your pool can be a worthwhile investment in the long run. With the right preparation and professional help, you can have a beautiful, fully-functional pool that will provide enjoyment for years to come.


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